Snoring, Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome and other sleep disorders, are serious problem both socially and medically. First Aid and Emergencies
Snoring, Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS) and other sleep disorders are serious problem both socially and medically. First Aid and Emergencies.
Sleep Apnea (OSAS - obstructive sleep apnea syndrome) is a health problem that can be associated with high blood pressure, heart problems and stroke. It triples risk of hypertension, elevates levels of clotting factors, and repeatedly stops breathing long enough to decrease in the amount of oxygen in blood, and to the brain, thus increasing the amount of deadly carbon dioxide. If you Snore, get evaluated for Sleep Apnea. People who have sleep apnea usually snore loudly, and wakes up with a dry mouth and throat. People with obstructive sleep apnea have an increased risk of traffic accidents, caused by daytime sleepiness.
If you have chest pains, difficulty breathing or severe bleeding, it could be life-threatening. Call 911 or your local emergency number right away.
For more information please click at: Snoring and Sleep Apnea in Children
Heart rhythm disorders, called arrhythmias, are problems usually caused by an electrical system in the heart muscle, producing abnormal heart rhythms. This can cause the heart to pump less effectively, which can lead to symptoms like fatigue, chest pain and dizziness.
First Aid, immediate treatment of a patient while awaiting the arrival of a medical aid. Proper early measures may be instrumental in saving life and ensuring a better more rapid recovery. Prevention of further injury is important.
Artificial Respiration emergency care or treatment, any measure that replaces natural breathing in such cases as respiratory paralysis, drowning, choking, gas, smoke inhalation, poisoning, or electric shock. The act of respiration can be taken over by mechanical appliances such as the Artificial Lung ( especially in respiratory paralysis), the Pulmotor, or any other type of mechanical respirator. But artificial respiration must be instituted swiftly in life-saving situations and, in the absence of a mechanical respirator or any other professional help, anyone present must be ready to undertake emergency measures. There are several manual methods of instituting artificial respiration, but these have been largely replaced by the mouth-to-mouth or mouth-to-nose method. It should first be determined that the mouth air passage are free of foreign matter and that the base of the tongue is not pressing against the back of the throat. The victim should be placed on his back, with his head tilted backward so that the chin is pointing upward. The reviver's mouth is then placed tightly over the victim's mouth, the latter's nostrils being kept tightly shut. Or the reviver's mouth may be placed over the victim's nose, with the victim's mouth kept closed. The reviver takes a deep breath and blows into the victim's mouth (or nose). The person administering treatment then turns his head away and waits for the return rush of air. If the victim is an adult, blow vigourously into the mouth or nose at about the rate of 12 breaths per minute. For the child the breaths should be shallower, about 20 per minute. Breathing into the victim should be continued until natural breathing resumes or until professional help arrives or until there is not the slightest doubt that life is gone.
Rescue Breathing and CPR guidelines.
If the victim is not breathing but has sings of circulation, such as movement, give rescue breaths:
Adults – 2 breaths every 15 second.
Children – 1 breath every 3 second.
Infants - 1 breath every 3 second.
If the victim has no signs of circulation, position hands to do chest compressions:
Adults – 2 fingers' – width above tip of sternum.
Children – 2 fingers' – width above tip of sternum.
Infants – Place 1 finger – width below nipple line.
Do chest compressions with:
Adults – 2 hands stacked; heel of 1 hand on sternum.
Children – Heel of 1 hand on sternum.
Infants – 2 or 3 fingers on sternum.
Rate of compressions per minute:
Adults – 80 to 100.
Children – 100.
Infants – 100.
Adults – 3.75 to 5 cm (1.5 to 2 inches).
Children – 2.5 to 3.75 cm (1 to 1.5 inches).
Infants – 1.25 to 2.5 cm (0.50 to 1 inch).
Ratio of compressions to breaths:
Adults – 15:2.
Children – 5:1.
Infants – 5:1.
For more information please click at: Snoring and Health Information
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